The vitreous gel occupies approximately 2/3rds of the total volume of the eye. It is a semisolid or clear liquid substance that fills the space between the lens in the front of the eye and the retina lining the back of the eye. Normally there are no blood vessels within the vitreous gel, but abnormal vessels can grow caused by a variety of eye diseases, most commonly diabetic retinopathy. However, hemorrhage occurs when a blood vessel ruptures and bleeds within or near the vitreous cavity.
Vitreous Hemorrhage Symptoms
Vitreous hemorrhage symptoms are floaters which may take the form of lines, spider webs or many dark spots and cloudy vision. In severe cases, there could be a major loss of vision. A prompt, thorough retinal examination is necessary to diagnose the underlying cause and to determine treatment.
Vitreous Hemorrhage Treatment
Prompt evaluation to determine the cause, as well as the health of the retina, is the most important issue. Ultrasound may be used to study the inside of the eye in situations where there is too much blood to allow direct visualization of the retina. Depending on the situation, a vitreous hemorrhage may be initially observed to see if the body will absorb it on its own. Otherwise, vitrectomy surgery may be needed to remove the blood, improve vision, and to address any underlying retinal disease.